Situated on the East Coast of the island, Aleria is a part of the small region of Costa Serena at 2,7km from the sea.
The town is crossed by the river of Tavignano, one of the biggest of the island. The village is at equidistance between Porto-Vecchio and Bastia and is linked up to Corte by a beautiful road of mountains.
Coastal of this small region extends on 12km and begins at the mouth of the pond of Diane to finish at the pond of Urbino. Its plaines favour many cultivated lands : grapevines, cereals, fruit trees…
Aleria region offers you a diversity of landscapes with from one hand uplands and from the other hand the sea nearby.
A FEW NUMBERS ABOUT ALERIA
Population : 2007 inhabitants (FNISES 2007 Sources)
Superface area : 5833ha
Aleria has no airport.
The town is so accessible from the airport of Bastia as well as from the ports of Bastia and Porto-Vecchio.
The town is so very accessible by the NR198 crossing all the east coastal from Porto-Vecchio to Bastia and by the NR200 linking up it to Corte.
HISTORY OF ALERIA
Aleria is the capital of ancient Corsica. Its history goes back 8000 years !
The first signs of human settlement in the region of Aleria date back to 6’000 BC. From the Neolithic period to the Bronze Age shepherds and farmers settle here, exploiting the natural resources of the region, namely those of its lagoons.
In 565 BC , Phoenicians, expulsed by the Persians, colonize Aleria. This colony will favour local trading with different Mediterranean civilisations. Then the Etruscans and Carthage take an interest in the town of Aleria. That’s why the Romans, who have realised the strategic position of this town, started settling there as of 259 BC.
The town slowly begins to look like a Roman town : a Roman forum, court, shops, Roman thermal baths. Aleria becomes the capital of ancient Corsica and remains the centre of this Romanisation for seven centuries… Today you can still find many traces from this Roman period.
However, in the 5th century, after the fall of Rome, the town is destroyed by the Vandals, who also bring malaria to the island €¦ With malaria rampant in the coastal regions, there will be no human presence in the area for several centuries.
During the Middle Ages, Aleria remains under Genovese rule, despite the fierce attacks of the Corsicans, who want to liberate the island.
The history of modern Aleria is still unclear. In 1824 the municipality of Aleria is created with land taken from Tallone, Zuani, Vivario and Muracciole and will undergo numerous changes in modern times.
CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE OF ALERIA
Archaeological Museum of Aléria
Matra Fort (15th century)
Roman Thermal baths of Santa Laurina
Ruins of a pre-Roman necropolis
Saint Marcel Church (1st millenium)
Del Sale Pond (protected natural reserve)
Diane Pond (oyster farming)
Diana Tower Ruins